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|NAME||Malaria comes from the Italian: Mala aria = bad air. People thought the disease came from the foul smelling air in some areas.|
|WHERE IT LIVES||Mosquitos carry the parasite and infect humans. It is not contagious.|
|SYMPTOMS||The parasite infects red blood cells. Symptoms can range from fever, chills, sweats, and aches all the way to death. Severe malaria can have serious damaging effects on the red blood cells and organs.|
|CURE||Malaria can be treated with timely diagnosis and antimalarial drugs. However, it is becoming more resistant to standard antimalarial drugs.|
|HISTORY||1880: Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran won a Nobel Prize for discovering the malaria parasites in a patient.
1897: Ronald Ross realized the role of mosquitos in carrying and spreading malaria. He won a Nobel Prize for his work.
Malaria was a problem in the U.S. until 1950, when the government worked to rid the country of the disease. Yearly cases decreased to 2000.
|FASCINATING FACTS||• Hundreds of millions of people get malaria each year, and over a million die.
• It is most common in sub-Saharan Africa.
• Less than 2000 people get malaria every year in the U.S., and those people have almost exclusively been travelers.
• President JFK caught the malaria parasite during WWII.
- Plush from all new materials. Stuffed with polyester fiber fill. Surface washable: sponge with water & soap, air dry. 5-8" in size.